The term “furniture grade” does not refer to any one specific type of plywood. Rather, it refers to the letter grade of plywood most often used in furniture construction projects.
The grade that is used to make furniture, such as cabinets, tables, chairs, etc., is grade A. This letter signifies that the wood panel has very little knots, or that the knots have been replaced and sanded, gaps or voids on the edges that have been filled in and smoothed out, and that overall just looks good. On grade A woods, the veneer (covering of fine wood applied to a coarser wood) will be smooth and consistent, meaning, again, little noticeable defaults or damage.
The use of furniture grade plywood is exactly what the name implies; furniture. This high grade plywood, which can be many different species of wood, can be used in building a variety of furniture pieces. Examples include tables, chairs, boxes, and, more commonly, work benches or cabinets.
On a side note, either hardwood or softwood can be used in building furniture. It comes down to a matter of preference in combination with the amount of durability needed for the specific piece of furniture. Aesthetic quality is also obviously important, but all plywood must look pristine in order to make it as an A grade plywood.
Again, either softwood or hardwood plywood can be used in the construction of furniture. Some of the more commonly used, furniture grade plywood types are listed below:
• Mahogany – this type of plywood is one of the most commonly used for cabinets throughout the world.
• Tiger Maple – a common choice for custom made furniture.
• Baltic Birch – is very commonly used for shop type furniture, this include pieces such as work benches, tables, boxes, etc.
Any of the three types of plywood listed above, as well as several others, can be used in any furniture construction project. However, due to differences in costs and looks, not all are recommended for every project.
For instance, Mahogany is the most often used plywood in cabinet construction projects. While it can be used to make a variety of other furniture pieces (many people also own Mahogany dining tables), it is not recommended for shop, shed, garage, etc. projects. Because Mahogany is one of the more expensive types of plywood, it should be used where aesthetic quality is extremely important.
Baltic Birch, on the other hand, is great for use in these locations since it is simple, easy to work with, durable, and cost efficient.
Furthermore, Tiger Maple is durable and has an interesting pattern, which makes it great for custom furniture. It is important to note that both durability and look are essential when it comes to building furniture.
Any plywood can be purchased directly from the producer or manufacturer. However, if someone does not want to go this route because of cost, timing, location, or whatever, many different types of plywood are always available at any local hardware store.