Should you use mineral spirits on wood before staining? Do mineral spirits damage wood? This guide covers the answers to these common questions and more. Read on to learn all about using mineral spirits on wood without running the risk of damage.
What is mineral spirits used for?
Also known as white spirits, turpentine substitute, or mineral turpentine, mineral spirits is a clear liquid derived from petroleum. It’s a common ingredient in paint thinner, and is defined as an organic solvent.
Mineral spirits is a versatile product with a multitude of uses. It makes a handy degreaser, plus its useful for cleaning tools, auto parts, and paintbrushes. You can even use it as a starter fluid for your charcoal grill.
As paint thinner, mineral spirits offers compatibility with many oil-based paints and polyurethane. You should check the paint’s label to ensure that mineral spirits is the right choice before proceeding, and you should look into specific thinning ratios before beginning to ensure that your paint offers the proper consistency.
You can also use mineral spirits to clean wood surfaces such as cabinets and floors. Because mineral spirits can damage certain finishes, it’s important to test an inconspicuous area before applying the spirits. Don’t use mineral spirits on no-wax floors, since it will remove the glossy top finish layer and create a dull, unattractive appearance.
Last but not least, woodworkers find that cleaning wood with mineral spirits is the best way to prep for a beautiful finish.
How to Use Mineral Spirits on Wood Restoration Projects
Many of mineral spirits uses are wood related. This inexpensive product is excellent for removing grime and buildup from a variety of finished surfaces. It cuts through old polish and wax, revealing the original finish beneath.
If you’re using mineral spirits to clean wood that has already been stained or finished, be sure to use a soft scrub brush or sponge to apply it. In some cases where buildup has been accumulating for years, you may need to use a pad of fine steel wool to cut through the grime. A smaller brush such as an old toothbrush will help you reach into any cracks or crevices.
Be patient when using mineral spirits to clean, since it can take a little while for the spirits to penetrate tough, grimy layers. Once you’re finished, you’ll be rewarded with a look at the original clear finish. Many people find that this is a great alternative to stripping and refinishing.
How to Clean Wood before Staining
You probably know about the importance of sanding wood before staining. Working with the sander is just the first part! Once you’ve achieved a smooth, even surface, it’s important to clear away all the tiny particles so that your finish will look the way you want it to. How to clean wood after sanding? The best way to do this is to use mineral spirits after sanding is complete.
Start by pouring a small amount of mineral spirits onto a clean, lint-free shop rag. Gently wipe all surfaces of the wood with the rag, moving slowly and using even strokes, with the grain of the wood. Do not use scrubbing motions.
When cleaning wood with mineral spirits before staining, keep switching to a clean portion of the shop rag as you pick up debris from the wood’s surface. If you’re working on a large project, you may find that you need to use more than one rag to get the job done right.
Make multiple passes over the wood to ensure that you’ve removed all the sawdust. After using mineral spirits to clean wood, it’s important to take a moment to remove any remaining mineral spirits from the wood’s surface. Obtain a fresh, clean, lint-free shop rag and wipe the wood’s surface, again with the grain. Make several passes with the rag to ensure that you’ve removed all the mineral spirits from the wood’s surface. You may need to use more than one rag to get the job done.
It’s perfectly fine to use mineral spirits between coats of polyurethane and other compatible finishes, but make sure that you remove any residue before moving on to the next coat.
When applying multiple coats of finish to wood and sanding between those coats, you’ll want to clear away debris with a bit of mineral spirits. Be sure that the current coat is completely dry before getting started with the sanding process, and use just a small amount of mineral spirits to clean up the debris. It’s better to make multiple passes with a lightly dampened lint-free shop rag than it is to attempt a single pass with a saturated cloth.
Mineral spirits dry time is just 15 to 20 minutes on average. Drying time can vary by temperature, so be sure to visually assess your project before moving on to the next step. This is simple, since wood with wet mineral spirits on top looks “wet.” The wood will appear dry again once the mineral spirits has evaporated completely.
Mineral Spirits Safety Tips
Because mineral spirits is classified as an irritant to skin, it’s important to wear gloves when applying it to wood and other surfaces. If there is a risk that of splashing, you’ll want to wear safety glasses or goggles to protect your eyes.
Be sure to use mineral spirits in a well-ventilated area, or wear a respirator if you’re not able to provide adequate ventilation. Close contact with the vapors can cause serious side effects including dizziness and nausea. With continued exposure, there is a chance of unconsciousness.
Wash your hands and other exposed skin after using mineral spirits. Prolonged contact can lead to chemical burns.
Do not smoke while using mineral spirits.
Store leftover mineral spirits in a tightly sealed container, away from areas where heaters and/or open flames are present.
After using mineral spirits on wood and other surfaces, be sure to dispose of the solvent properly. Do not pour it on the ground or down the drain. Instead, place used mineral spirits in a sealed container and take it to a hazardous waste collection point in your community.
Do not throw shop rags into the trash after using mineral spirits to clean wood or other surfaces. The reason for this is that mineral spirits are volatile and can cause a trash fire. Obtain a jar, coffee can, or other container with a lid that can be sealed shut. Place the rags inside and submerge them in water. Seal the container and take it to a hazardous waste disposal center or keep it safely stored until your community trash pickup service offers a hazardous waste pickup day.